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Common Water Problems

Below is a list of some of the more common problems we have discovered in water supplies. If you think or find that you have other problems with your water, call or email us and one of our representatives will be happy to perform an on site water test so we can help you find the system that is right for you.


Iron in water causes an unpleasant metallic taste. With as little as 0.3 ppm of iron present in your water it can combine with the tannin in tea, coffee, and alcoholic beverages to produce an unpleasant grey-ish black appearance as well as cause red stains in toilets, plumbing fixtures, tableware and laundry. Iron can exist in water in two different forms. Recommendations depend on the form of iron present. Water containing "ferrous iron" are clear and colorless when drawn. Exposure to air converts ferrous iron into the insoluble, reddish brown "ferric iron". Iron may be removed from water by the following methods, depending upon the amount and type of iron present.

FERROUS IRON - A water softener can remove up to 4 ppm of ferrous iron depending upon size and the type of softener. Very large water softeners can remove up to 6 ppm of iron.

FERRIC IRON - If the water contains considerable ferric iron as evidenced by a reddish brown color, use a sediment filter ahead of the water softener. The sediment filter will remove a portion of the insoluble ferric iron and the water softener the soluble ferrous iron.


Chlorination and Filtration - This means of iron removal is recommended only when sulfur, extreme iron bacteria, or taste and odor problem also exists. An chlorinator should be added to facilitate iron removal. Use an carbon filtration system following the chlorinator to remove the iron particles as well as any excess chlorine.

NOTE - The success of this method of Iron Removal is dependent upon at least 20 minutes of contact time for the Chlorine to fully react with the Iron. This contact time can be achieved by a Large Contact Tank. Chlorine causes Iron in your Water to form Particles which can then be Filtered.

Iron and Acidic corrosion - Water with a pH below 7 (acidic water) will usually cause iron-pick up in piping systems and contribute to iron staining problems. Blue to green staining will result if the piping is copper. The lower the pH, the greater the corrosive tendency of the water. The recommended pH limits of water for use in the home are 7.0 to 10.6. Waters with pH less than 6.8 contain sufficient acidity to cause significant corrosion and should always be treated. Waters containing appreciable amounts of oxygen also tend to be corrosive.


Neutralization of Acid Waters - Acid neutralizing filters contain a mineral that reacts with acidity to raise the pH of water. This process slowly dissolves the mineral and adds a few grains of hardness to the water. Because of the increased hardness and the iron content, a softener is recommended after the mineral is added. The combination of an acid neutralizer filter and softener can be applied to acidic waters containing up to 6 ppm of iron. Acid neutralizing filters require frequent backwashing and the addition of several pounds of mineral once a year.

NOTE - On low pH water a pH Neutralizer should be add prior to beginning any recommendation